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                        "THE PARABLES OF JESUS"

                         The Leaven (Mt 13:33)

INTRODUCTION

1. Our previous study examined "The Parable Of The Mustard Seed" - Mt
   13:31-32
   a. Where the kingdom is depicted as having remarkable growth, 
      despite humble beginnings
   b. Perhaps the parable was told to reassure Jesus' disciples...
      1) That their involvement in the kingdom would not be for naught
      2) Especially after hearing two parables in which we see not all
         would receive the Word properly, and Satan's efforts to hinder
         growth of the kingdom would be noticeable

2. Another parable that seems to have the same purpose of reassurance
   now follows...
   a. Found in Mt 13:33
   b. This has become known as "The Parable Of The Leaven" (READ)

3. Immediately we can see similarities to "The Parable Of The Mustard
   Seed"
   a. Both are quite brief, with no explanations by Jesus recorded
   b. Both appear to be describing the remarkable spread of the kingdom
      of heaven

4. But some differences can be noted, so this parable is certainly
   worthy of careful consideration

[Let's begin, then, by noticing some...]

I. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON "LEAVEN"

   A. WHAT WAS "LEAVEN"?
      1. A small portion of fermented dough used to ferment other dough
         (Holman Bible Dictionary)
      2. Once inserted into a batch, it continues its process of 
         fermentation until the whole batch has risen (Hendriksen, New 
         Testament Commentary)
      3. Today, we more likely use the term "yeast" instead of "leaven"

   B. SYMBOLIC USES OF "LEAVEN"...
      1. In the New Testament, "leaven" is often symbolic of corrupting
         influence
         a. Jesus warned of "the leaven of the Pharisees and the
            Sadducees", which included their teaching and hypocrisy
            - cf. Mt 16:5-12; Lk 12:1
         b. Paul wrote of the danger of how "a little leaven leavens
            the whole lump", as he addressed the need to withdraw from
            the unpenitent brother - 1Co 5:1-13
      2. This has led some to conclude that "leaven" in the parable 
         represents something evil
      3. But there are several reasons why this is not likely true...
         a. There is no reason why its use elsewhere must be the same
            here
            1) A speaker or writer is certainly free to use a figure 
               any way they wish, even differently in different 
               situations
            2) To read the use of the figure as found elsewhere into 
               this passage is a form of "eisegesis"
               a) That is, reading something into the passage not 
                  actually there
                  1/ Though in this case one may not be reading their
                     own preconceived ideas into the passage, as is 
                     commonly done
                  2/ But reading the ideas of another Biblical context
                     into this one is still a form of "eisegesis"
               b) As opposed to "exegesis", which is to read out of a
                  passage what it actually says or means, and should be
                  the goal of proper Bible study
         b. The last phrase would then suggest that the kingdom is 
            destined to fail!
            1) The "leaven" is to eventually fill the whole loaf!
            2) If "leaven" represents corrupting influence, how 
               discouraging!
         c. The close proximity of the parable to "The Parable Of The 
            Mustard Seed" would suggest similarities in meaning (cf.
            the two parables in Mt 13:44-46)

[Well, if Jesus does not mean to use "leaven" in this context as 
symbolical of corrupting influence, then what does He mean?]

II. THE MEANING OF THE PARABLE

   A. THE KINGDOM'S GROWTH WILL BE PERVASIVE...
      1. That is, having the quality to permeate, to spread or flow 
         throughout the world
      2. One suggestion is that the loaf represents the world, and the
         leaven is the kingdom
      3. Thus the reign of heaven (God) will gradually make its 
         influence felt in the world
      4. This "reign of heaven" could be manifested:
         a. In the form of the gospel (the "word" of the kingdom, Mt 
            13:19), as it is was proclaimed to all creation - cf. Mk 
            16:15-16
         b. In the form of the church, which spreads as people accept
            the gospel
         c. In the influence of the Word and the church, as their 
            influence is felt in society
      5. This parable may also illustrates the "invisible" growth of 
         the kingdom
         a. As leaven does it work with less than noticeable effect
         b. So the spreading influence of the kingdom is often 
            unnoticeable, but real nonetheless!

   B. THE KINGDOM'S INFLUENCE WILL BE COMPLETE...
      1. Speaking of the loaf, Jesus said "till it was all leavened"
      2. No part of the "loaf" (world) will be untouched by the 
         influence of the kingdom
      3. That the gospel did indeed spread in this way was expressed by
         Paul in Ro 10:17-18; 16:25-26; Col 1:6,23
      4. Of course, not all have obeyed the gospel - e.g., "The Parable
         Of The Four Soils"
         a. While the "fragrance of His knowledge" is diffused in every
            place...
         b. ...to some it is "an aroma of death" - cf. 2Co 2:14-16
      5. Yet, we still see the leavening influence of the Word and 
         Christ's reign...
         a. In the growth of the church
         b. In the influence of the Word in society (cf. our judicial 
            system, charitable organizations, etc.)

III. APPLICATION OF THE PARABLE

   A. DON'T LOSE HEART...
      1. Don't measure the growth or success of the kingdom solely by
         visible standards
      2. As Jesus said to the Pharisees...
         a. "The kingdom of God does not come with observation; nor 
            will they say 'See here!' or 'See there!'" - Lk 17:20-21a
         b. "For indeed, the kingdom of God is within you." - Lk 
            17:21b
      3. The spread of the kingdom (the rule of God) is taking place 
         wherever the "word of the kingdom" is being sown, and fruit 
         will be borne as it falls on "good and noble hearts"
      4. Remain confident:
         a. That what began as a mustard seed will become a great tree
         b. That what started in one small portion of the loaf will
            eventually spread through the whole loaf

   B. DO YOUR PART TO BE A LEAVENING INFLUENCE...
      1. Allow the "leaven of the kingdom" to permeate your own heart
         and life
         a. Take the Word of God into your own heart
         b. Study and meditate upon it, and then seek to apply it!
      2. Allow that Word to produce fruit in your life, so that you 
         become an leavening influence for the kingdom of God!
         a. By word, as you share the gospel of the kingdom with others
         b. By deed, as you do good works that glorify God
         c. For as leaven, we are also "the salt of the earth" and "the
            light of the world" - cf. Mt 5:13-16
            1) Designed to glorify God by our good works
            2) And so influence our world for good as well!

CONCLUSION

1. With an understanding of these two parables ("The Mustard Seed" and
"The Leaven"), we  can take heart in knowing that the work of Christ
in regards to His Kingdom will not be for naught

2. As we close this lesson, let me ask "What kind of leaven are you?"
   a. This parable has been describing "leaven" as a positive force
   b. But remember, "leaven" is also used to illustrate that which is 
      harmful
      1) The "leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy" - Lk 12:1
      2) That which is a corrupting force, and needs to be purged - 
         1Co 5:6-8

Will you allow the grace of God to make you to be the kind of "leaven"
that can be used to His glory...?
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